Explain: Great substitution theory fuels racist attacks

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BUFALA, New York – A racist ideology that has been leaking from the Internet into the mainstream is being investigated as a motivating factor in a supermarket shooting that killed 10 people in Buffalo, New York. Most of the victims were black.

Ideas from the “Great Replacement Theory” have filled a racist trait allegedly posted on the Internet by a white 18-year-old man accused of targeting black people in Saturday’s rage. Authorities are still working to confirm its authenticity.

Certainly there were no mistakes in the racist intentions of the shooter.

WHAT IS THE GREAT REPLACEMENT THEORY?

Simply put, it says there is a conspiracy to reduce the influence of white people.

Believers say this goal is achieved both through the immigration of non-white people to a society largely dominated by white people and through simple demographics where white people have lower birth rates than others.

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More racist theorists believe that Jews are behind the so-called conspiracy to replace. When in 2017 in Charlottesville, Virginia, pro-race supporters marched, their chants included “you won’t replace us” and “Jews won’t replace us”.

A more basic view in the U.S. suggests that Democrats are encouraging immigration from Latin America, so more potential like-minded people are replacing “traditional” Americans, said Mark Pitcavage, a senior fellow at the Center for Anti-Defamation League on Extremism.

WHAT ARE HIS ROOTS?

How long has racism existed? In general, its roots are so deep. In the United States, efforts can be made to intimidate and dissuade black people from voting – to replace white voters at polling stations – in the post-Civil War era.

In the modern era, most experts point to two influential books. The Turner Diaries, a 1978 novel written by William Luther Pierce under the pseudonym Andrew MacDonald, tells the story of the violent revolution in the United States with a racial war leading to the extermination of whites.

The FBI has called it a “bible of racist rights,” said Kurt Braddock, a professor at American University and a researcher at the Laboratory of Research and Innovation in Polarization and Extremism.

The 2012 French book by Camus of France about the capture of black and brown immigrants from Africa was called “Le Grand Remplacement”, and the title was born.

WHO ARE HER DEPUTIES?

For some of the most extreme believers, some white mass murderers – in Norway in 2011, two New Zealand mosques in 2019, a synagogue in Pittsburgh in 2018, a black church in South Carolina – are considered saints, Pitcavage said.

Those “accelerators of the white race” believe that small changes in society will not bring much success, so the only option – the destruction of society, he said.

The alleged profanity of the arrow from Buffalo and some of his obvious methods suggest that he carefully studied the New Zealand shooter, especially his efforts to broadcast his rage live. He reportedly wrote the number 14 on his weapon, which, according to Pitcavege, is a transcript of the 14-word white supremacy slogan.

The “manifesto” of the New Zealand shooter has spread widely on the Internet. If the message from the shooter Buffalo turns out to be valid, it seems to be designed also to spread his philosophy and techniques to a wide audience.

IS THE THEORY WIDE?

Although more extreme forms of racism are clearly unnoticed, many experts are concerned about the inclusion of some views.

In a poll published last week, the Associated Press and the Center for Public Relations Research (NORC) found that about one in three Americans believes an attempt is being made to replace U.S. natives with immigrants in order to gain an election advantage.

On a regular basis, many proponents of more extreme versions of the Great Replacement Theory talk through encrypted programs online and try to be careful. They know they are being watched.

“They’re very smart,” Braddock said. “They don’t make open calls for weapons.”

WHO SHOULD SAY ABOUT REPLACEMENT?

In particular, Tucker Carlson, Fox News’s most popular figure, promoted false but more political views that are seen as sympathetic by some white people concerned about the loss of power.

“I know that the left and all the gatekeepers on Twitter are getting literally hysterical if you use the term‘ replacement ’if you think the Democratic Party is trying to replace the current electorate, the voters who are now voting, new people, more obedient. voters from third world countries, ”he said in his program last year. “But they get hysterical because that’s what’s going on, actually, so to speak. It’s true.”

A study of Carlson’s 5-year show, conducted by The New York Times, found 400 cases where he spoke of Democratic politicians and others seeking demographic change through immigration.

RELATED | The suspect was asked to leave the Buffalo supermarket the day before the shooting

Fox News drew attention to repeated statements that Carlson made condemning political violence of all kinds.

The attention many Republican politicians are paying to what they see as a perforated southern border along the United States has been interpreted, at least by some, as a sign of concern for white people worried about “replacement”.

The House of Representatives campaign committee, Eliza Stefanik, was criticized last year for advertising that the “radical democrats” were planning a “permanent uprising before the election”, announcing an amnesty for illegal immigrants who would create a permanent liberal majority in Washington.

Pitcavege said he was concerned about the message sent by Carlson and some who agree with him. “It actually introduces the conservative audience to the Great Substitution theory in pills that are easier to swallow,” he said.

Copyright © 2022, Associated Press. All rights reserved.

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