The number of gun deaths in the United States has “historically” risen in 2020, possibly due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and poverty, according to a health report released Tuesday.
In 2020, there were 19,350 homicides with firearms in the United States, which is almost 35 percent more than in 2019, and 24,245 suicides with firearms (an increase of 1.5 percent), according to a report by the Center for Control and Prevention diseases (CDC).
The CDC considered both homicides and suicides with firearms “permanent and significant U.S. health concerns.”
The rate of homicides with firearms in 2020 was 6.1 per 100,000 inhabitants, the highest figure in more than 25 years.
The proportion of gun killings has increased most markedly among men, adolescents and young peopleas well as in African American and Native American communities, the CDC reports.
No region of the United States has regretted it, although killings have increased the most in counties with high poverty and large ethnic minorities.
People also die by suicide more often in the poor, non-capital and rural areas.
“One possible explanation is the stressors associated with the COVID-19 pandemic that may have played a role” in the rise, said Tom Simons, an expert in the field. violence prevention in the CDC.
“These include changes and disruptions in services and education, social isolationeconomic stresses such as job losses, housing instability and difficulties in covering daily expenses, ”he told reporters.
The report also notes that the risk of violence is linked to “long-standing systemic inequality and structural racism” in the country.
The report cites tensions between the public and Law enforcementnoting the wave of protests in 2020 following the death of George Floyd, an unarmed black man killed by a white police officer in Minneapolis, a surge in arms purchases and a rise in domestic violence.
“Deaths from firearms can be prevented, not inevitably,” said Debra Houri, director of the CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, recommending “an integrated approach to reducing inequality.”
She called the “promising” work of street outreach workers to reduce tensions in high-crime areas, as well as mediation programs set up in some hospitals to help young people injured on the streets “break the cycle of violence” and a prevention program. suicides.
Guri also noted the need to eliminate key economic factors by offering housing assistance or tax breaks, as well as providing “living wages” to lift unhappy families out of poverty.
Another way to study is to improve the environment, create greenery or clean up waste.
“The poisoned empty areas in the communities have been associated with a reduction in firearms attacks, with a particular predominance in the poorest areas,” she said.
© 2022 AFP
Citation: In 2020, against the background of the pandemic, the number of deaths from weapons in the United States increased: CDC (2022, May 11) received on May 11, 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-05-gun-deaths- soared-pandemic-cdc.html
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